21. Statistical Functions
Average | Averageif | Median | Mode | Standard Deviation | Min | Max | Large | Small
This chapter gives an overview of some very useful statistical functions in Excel.
To calculate the average of a group of numbers, use the AVERAGE function.
Note: visit our page about the AVERAGE function for many more examples.
To average cells based on one criteria, use the AVERAGEIF function. For example, to calculate the average excluding zeros.
Note: visit our page about the AVERAGEIF function for many more examples.
To find the median (or middle number), use the MEDIAN function.
To find the most frequently occurring number, use the MODE function.
To calculate the standard deviation, use the STEDV function.
Note: standard deviation is a number that tells you how far numbers are from their mean. Learn more about this topic on our page about standard deviation.
To find the minimum value, use the MIN function.
To find the maximum value, use the MAX function.
To find the third largest number, use the following LARGE function.
To find the second smallest number, use the following SMALL function.
Tip: Excel can generate most of these results with the click of a button. Our Descriptive Statistics example shows you how.